What does it mean for rights to be inalienable?

Individual rights are inalienable — within an individual’s freedom (sphere) of action, one’s rights are absolute.

Inalienable (and unalienable) means the right may not be alienated from the person who possesses them, i.e., may not be given or taken away, i.e., may not be morally infringed upon.

For example, a robber may steal a car from a doctor, but morally the doctor’s right to the car is not alienated. Though the robber has possession of the car, the car still rightfully belongs to the doctor, i.e., the doctor is in the right, and the robber is in the wrong.

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